And he huffed and he puffed and…
For years I’ve been fielding inquiries from people who are interested in integrating basic pole barn design, with straw bale infills, to use as residential structures.
During a recent visit to a Home Depot in New Mexico, one of the PASAs (Pro Account Sales Associate) recommended I write a blog post about straw bale homes, using post frame construction.
To get started, I whipped out the trusty Google-machine and started searching….and searching…and searching. And found pretty much nothing. At least nothing about using the pole barn as the structural framework, lots of information out there on straw bale homes. Considering the wealth of information available, it was surprising to read how few straw bale homes exist, but that is a different story altogether.
The top advantage of using the post frame technique is it gets a roof over one’s head in a hurry and at a reasonable cost. It also allows the straw bale infill to be non-load bearing, which reduces the costs of the exterior walls (no need for structural headers as long as door and window openings are placed between columns). Most straw bale homes have very small clearspans, as trusses are not usually utilized. The pole barn framework allows for very wide spans, which eliminates the need for interior load bearing walls, and frees up space to allow for a more open design.
The most cost effective column spacing for pole building construction is typically to place them every 12 feet. This increment works out very effectively with either three or four foot bales.
Some design considerations – the one which will be most frequently overlooked is going to be deflection. A roof only “pole barn” will typically have a great deal of deflection at the eave line. Think of the posts (as a roof only building) acting as diving boards. The IBC (International Building Code) limits the deflection of members supporting exterior walls with brittle finished (like plaster of bales) to L/240.
In layperson’s terms, this would mean a nine foot tall exterior wall (which would be needed to create eight foot high ceilings), could deflect a maximum of 108”/240, or less than ½ of an inch. Do not just assume this type of deflection limitation when ordering – it is essential the company providing the building understands this to be a crucial element. In many cases, it is going to entail columns being larger in size than would otherwise be the case.
Make sure to specify the building is to be used as a residence. Residences will be Occupancy Category II and designated as Use Class R-3. Most roof only “pole barns” are Occupancy Category I and have less stringent requirements for resistance of climactic loads (wind, snow and seismic forces).
Most straw balers are well in tune with energy savings. The pole building roof structure fits well with this. Trusses can easily be designed to allow for a “raised heel”, allowing for the full thickness of insulation to be installed from wall-to-wall. The eaves should have overhangs on the low sides, which are enclosed with vented soffits to allow for an air inlet into the otherwise dead airspace in the attic. Similarly, the ridge should be vented, to allow for an exhaust point.
If using steel roofing over purlins (which will be the most cost effective), condensation needs to be controlled. Easiest is to order steel with an Integral Condensation Control factory applied.
For planning and constructing the bale portion of the project, there are a couple of highly referenced resources. Both “Serious Straw Bale” and “The Natural Building Companion” are available online and offer plenty of information. Good Luck and let us know if we can help you design your new straw bale home!